Oral health is essential for general health and quality of life. It is a state of being free from oral pain and any disease that limit an individual’s capacity in biting, chewing, smiling, speaking and psychological well-being.
Oral health is very important, however it is often overlooked. Most people take for granted the health and development of their mouth and teeth. However, it is made evident that these two are important parts of the body.
Dentistry is the branch of medicine that is involved in the study, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases, disorders and conditions of the oral cavity, maxillofacial areas and adjacent and associated structures and their impact on the human body.
A Regular dental visit can do much more than just keeping your smile attractive. Research suggests that the health of your mouth reflects the condition of your body as a whole. Research also shows that good oral health may actually prevent certain diseases from occurring.
ORAL HEALTH AND HEALTH COMPLICATION- A two way relationship
According to academy of general dentistry, there is a relationship between oral diseases and health complications such a stroke, heart diseases, diabetes milletus, etc. Women with oral diseases also show higher incidences of pre-term, low birth weight babies.
Other research shows that more than 90% of all systemic diseases have oral manifestations like swollen gums, ulcers, dry mouth and excessive gum problem. Such diseases include.
- Diabetes mellitus
- Heart diseases
- Oral cancer
- Pancreatic cancer
- Kidney diseases,
- AIDS, etc.
DIABETES MELLITUS :
Oral infection tends to be more severe in diabetic patients that non-diabetic patients. Diabetic may experience diminished salivary flow and a sensation of burning mouth and tongue which leads to a higher incidence of tooth decay. Diabetics who do not control their blood sugar levels tend to have increased oral health problems, particularly gum recession.
HEART DISEASES/CARDIAC PROBLEMS:
People having chronic gum diseases are at higher risk for heart attacks. The bacteria from infected gums may enter bloodstream, attach to blood vessels and increase clot formation. It has been suggested that inflammation caused by gum diseases may also trigger clot formation. Clots decrease blood flow to heart thereby causing an elevation in blood pressure and increasing risk of heart attacks.
POOR ORAL HEALTH CAN LEADS TO PROBLEM:
Under the care of teeth and gums, poor oral hygiene can actually lead to other problems like:-
1. Oral and facial pain:- largely due to infection of tooth, gums and bone that can lead to loss of tooth.
2. Problems to heart and other major organs:- heart and heart valves can become inflamed by bacterial endocarditis, a condition that affects people with heart diseases of anyone with damaged heart tissue.
3. Digestion problems and poor nutrition:- digestion begins with physical and chemical process in mouth and problem here can lead to intestinal failure, irritable bowel syndrome and other digestive disorders.
TOBACCO AND TEETH:
What you need to know????
People might not be aware of the impact of tobacco use has an their overall health, but the adverse effects have been all time proven. Tobacco is consumed in two forms as smoked and smokeless(snuff/chewed). In India, tobacco is mostly consumed in smokeless form.
Mechanism of action:
Tobacco contains many substances known to be cytotoxic (destructive to cells). Nicotine caused the blood circulation to reduce causing to tissues weaker and less resistant to infection. Tobacco affects the body’s immune response.
Tobacco chewing have increased amount of calculus, severe gingival recession more likely to lose their teeth and reduces effectiveness of surgical therapies and more chances of having abraded teeth. Smokeless tobacco is many times associated with cancers of cheek, gums.
Oral cancer is primarily caused by smoked and smokeless tobacco. It is the sixth most common cancer. If not diagnosed and treated in its early stages, oral cancer can spread leading to chronic pain, loss of function, irreparable facial and oral disfigurement and even death.
Oral cancer not diagnosed in its early stages has a very low 5 year survival rate.
Statistics reveal that India accounts for 86% of world’s oral cancer cases (study conducted by national institute of public health in Feb 2011) oral cancer is on the rise in India.
Oral health problems can be prevented.
What you can do??
- Seeing a dentist regularly
- Avoid cigarettes and smokeless tobacco
- Eat healthy diet
- Dental examination to detect poor health, nutrition, hygiene growth and development and jaw alignment
- Maintain oral hygiene